What is IoT?

What are the popular applications of IoT? The Internet of things (IoT) is the world of physical objects embedded with various software and technologies for connecting and exchanging data with other devices over the system or the internet. IoT primarily connects the physical to the digital.

Popular Applications of IoT

IoT services can be used in real life, in the private and public sectors. IoT’s flexibility makes it a good option for various organizations at smaller and larger scales. Some critical but popular applications of IoT are as follows:

1.   Enterprise Solutions

Big organizations have invested their IT department in maintaining and controlling the technology infrastructure possible through IoT integration.

 IoT-backed security systems are adapted to prevent cyberattacks on the organization’s sensitive data. It can create security policies based on network activity.

IoT also helps the management make decisions by providing detailed customer analytics. The real-time data provided by IoT has shifted the landscape.

2.   Smarter Homes

Smart Homes is one of the most critical and obvious applications of the Internet of Things. A smart home uses sensors to control various activities like the amount of lighting, temperature, music systems, resource management, and security. A smart home is like an independent city working on its own.

One of the best examples of a smart home is Mark Zuckerberg’s home. His home has internet switches to control the devices plugged into them. His top-notch security system uses face recognition to identify intruders. All of this has become possible due to IoT.

3.   Smarter City

An urban city that uses sensors and wireless technology to manage the city better is called a smart city. IoT can be incorporated into various aspects of a functioning city.

Sensors on roads and signals make it possible for traffic management groups to analyze the data collected over time to develop solutions for bottlenecks. The data can also help in creating alternate routes for congested cities. Parking problems might sound relatively unimportant, but it plays a significant role in traffic management and smooth flow. Smart parking solutions provide the driver with real-time information about parking slots available.

Pollution is a rising problem globally. With IoT, the temperature, CO2 eruptions, and smoke can be measured. The data gathered can be used to measure the air quality. Resource management of water, electricity, and waste is another difficult niche of a big city. IoT-integrated systems can map waste production, and help in understanding water and electricity consumption patterns. It goes a long way in making a city smarter and better.

Public infrastructure such as roads, street lights, city water and pipelines costs a lot of money in maintenance and repair. IoT-based monitoring systems can analyze wear and tear in time and save a lot of capital.

4.   Supply Chain Management

IoT helps in supply chain management in various ways. The shipping companies use trackers to keep updated with the product’s location. The temperature and humidity of the container with sensitive material in it can also be measured. IoT also helps the management with smart route choices while shipping.

IoT helps in the smooth management of all the fleets. Any delay or disruption is reported by the IoT to the managers immediately.

5.   Transforming Healthcare

IoT has revolutionized healthcare. Attaching sensors to patients helps the doctor in monitoring their condition remotely. Continuous abnormality or rapid deterioration of a person’s vitality immediately alerts the doctor. The monitor can be used to monitor high-risk patients and can be proven life-saving.

IoT helps in accessing the patient’s old medical records and makes it possible for real-time data to be available across all hospital departments.

The data required for medical research is a cumbersome task. Now, IoT-based systems can be used to collect and analyze the data of research.

At the pharmaceutical end, the manufacturing process is optimized by using IoT. It results in decreased prices of drugs and relief for the common man. Pharmaceutical inventory management is also using IoT-based systems to optimize data.

6.   Smart Energy Provisions

Companies are using smart technologies to optimize energy provision to houses and industries. Sensors are installed in meters, transport lines, production areas and storage areas. This system is called Smart Grid.

Smart grids alert the company in case of failure of transmission and wear and tear of transport lines; it also monitors energy consumption and production. The sensors can pinpoint the exact places where inefficiency in the line is occurring. Predictive maintenance provided by IoT saves costs.

7.   Wearable Technology

Smartwatches, fitness trackers, and smart eyewear are all included in wearable technology. IoT is behind the revolution in wearable technology.

The smartwatches contain technology that can read texts and notifications along with tracking locations and showing reminders. Wearables are important in elderly care because they provide continuous monitoring of the vitals through sensors. Nano-technology can even pick up the risk of cancer and that is something!

The wearables are now being researched to reduce accidents associated with labour and combat.

Future of the Internet of Things (IoT)

IoT is a decade-old technology which is evolving with the world. In other words, emerging technologies are moulding the future of IoT as well. Prominent examples include 5G and Metaverse.

IoT shows promise in playing a central role in the metaverse by connecting the physical with the digital. According to the Group Chief Executive for technology and CTO at Accenture, Paul Daugherty, the world is moving towards Web 3.0 with two fundamental capabilities i-e the internet is place and the internet of ownership. Internet of place provides online venues for collaborative experiences. Internet of ownership provides the use of the blockchain to create secure digital identities. IoT is expected to play a huge role in bringing the era of Web 3.0 about.

Concluding Thoughts

According to the above-discussed popular applications of IoT, it has changed life as we knew it in a decade. It does not stop here. There are better, more creative innovations on the way. Industries are making sure that they stay at the top of this research as it shows incredible promise. Companies that have not yet adopted IoT should start integrating it into their systems because they might become irrelevant in the coming years if they don’t stay at the top of the new technologies.

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