How to establish secure protocols in a digital organization? In recent years, massive cybercrimes have targeted businesses all around the world. Organizations are constantly subjected to security breaches, including data leaks, broken authentication, database hacking, malware infestations, and denial of service attacks on their networks, web applications, and servers. Identifying security risks and putting safety measures in place is critical for uninterrupted network performance and business growth.

Common Security Concerns for a Business

Before we suggest ways to secure your network and information from cyberattacks, let’s first discuss some critical security risks that your business may be facing:

Insecure Applications: All apps broadcast and receive many types of data, from unlicensed antivirus to email and social networking sites. Unauthorized usage of these vulnerable apps exposes your system to hazardous infestations.

Insecure Mobile Devices: Many companies encourage employees to bring their cellphones and laptop computers to work. Malware and other security vulnerabilities are common on personal devices. If your employee uses infected personal devices to access work information, it may cause a major security breach.

Insecure Network: Businesses often neglect proper security measures for networks, database and application servers, workstations, and the internet of things (IoT). Hackers and cybercriminals often detect network vulnerabilities and penetrate the system through malicious software or trap doors.

Uninformed Employees: Employees who are not well-informed on security rules and parameters may become a security risk themselves. Employees inadvertently create security gaps by sharing passwords or crucial information with others and using weak passwords for accounts.

How to Establish Secure Protocols in a Digital Organization?

Here are eight ways to establish security protocols in a digital organization:

1.    Devise a Disaster Management Policy

A disaster management policy helps an organization create a plan of action if a cyberattack occurs. This plan is where cyber security and forensics, cloud storage, and data recovery techniques come into play. To cope with a cybercrime after it has occurred, an organization must seek services from cyber security forensics professionals to detect the cause of the attack, analyze network traffic and connection logs to figure out the origin of the attack, and speed up the data recovery process. Cybersecurity forensics specialists can also help the organization track cybercriminals and recover stolen data.

In case of a cyberattack, cloud storage services can instantly recover the latest synchronized data stored on a remote cloud server. Cloud storage services have dramatically reduced the financial costs of losing data in a cyberattack. Disaster management policy must include regular data synchronization with cloud storage and appropriate data recovery techniques in case an attack occurs.

2.    Network Infrastructure Vulnerability Testing

Network vulnerability scanning is an in-house network testing that requires specialists to have complete knowledge of the network. In a network vulnerability scanning, the computer specialist performs a series of tests to analyze the network for any areas of compromised security, detects any intrusion, and recommends ways to reduce vulnerabilities. Network vulnerability scanning comprises a list of tests to detect system, network, and application weaknesses.

3.    Penetration Testing

Penetration testing is usually performed in combination with vulnerability scanning. Contrary to network vulnerability scanning, penetration testing requires specialists to scan for any potential vulnerabilities in the network or applications from an external location without any information about the network or application.

Penetration testing involves a series of planned cyberattack attempts from a remote location to identify weaknesses in the system and points of compromised security. The penetration testing report encompasses a detailed analysis, possible modes of successful attacks, and recommendations to improve security.

4.    Firewalls

Firewalls, as the name suggests, are software tools or hardware devices that act as a barrier to protect a network from unauthorized connection requests. It works by continuously monitoring network traffic and sensing any intrusion attempts.

In case a firewall detects an unauthorized or untrusted IP, it blocks the connection request and prohibits it from reaching the server or entering the internal network. A firewall is usually the first line of defense for any network.

5.    Web Application Firewalls

Web application firewalls work the same way as a standard firewall, except for providing additional security to web applications. Simply put, a web application firewall (WAF) is a type of firewall that is specifically designed to protect web applications against unwanted connections and cyberattacks.

WAF prevents a wide range of threats from infiltrating your web application and stealing or destroying sensitive data. Online application firewalls are one of the most effective techniques for mitigating web application security vulnerabilities.

WAF comes in three varieties – network-based WAF, host-based WAF, and managed cloud WAF. While a firewall protects the network layers by blocking unauthorized network connections, WAF protects the application layer to intercept connection requests. It acts as an intermediary between a web application and its users on the internet.

Web application firewalls are effective against an array of cyberattacks, including cross-site scripting, brute force attack, SQL injection attacks, broken authentication, denial of service attacks, and data exposure.

6.    Managed Cloud Services

Cloud services have brought a revolution to both data storage and network or application security. With managed cloud services, a cloud security provider manages an organization’s security from a remote location through an authorized connection over the internet.

Due to their all-around security and 24/7 supervision, managed cloud services are one of the most effective security measures for any digital organization. Cloud services maintain regulatory compliance and install security patches regularly. With minimum human intervention, cloud services secure data, applications, and networks from any intrusion.

7.    IoT (Internet of Things) Security

The term “Internet-of-Things” (IoT) refers to any systems and equipment (printers, routers, scanners, cameras, RFIDs, appliances, and so on) that are linked to both the local network and the internet. To reduce vulnerabilities, IoT security solutions include comprehensive testing of all network, hardware, and communication protocols.

8.    Employee Education and Training

As mentioned earlier, uninformed employees significantly threaten a digital organization’s data and network security. To minimize the danger of a network intrusion, an organization must strengthen its first line of protection against external threats, which includes teaching its employees cybersecurity awareness.

Train your employees on possible device and internet misuse, phishing scams, and data exposure. Introduce strict security policies to discourage employees from using weak passwords, giving out personal details, or bringing an authorized person inside restricted areas. Hold workshops to educate employees on how to take care of personal devices at work and spot any suspicious activity on computers and mobile devices.

Reviewing employees’ access rights and network activities regularly is also vital. An organization must provide user rights to employees only according to their needs. Many organizations often ignore this part and end up facing an insider threat. In other words, an organization’s employees leak sensitive data on purpose. Avoid giving employees more access rights than they need.

Final Thoughts

Hope now you know how to establish secure protocols in a digital organization. Security is part of an organization’s digital transformation. While technology has forced businesses to become digital organizations, a lack of security protocols can result in infiltration attempts and security risks. The security standards above are required for enterprises to implement cutting-edge security and prevent unfortunate data thefts, compromised services, and products.

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